Situated in north-eastern Italy on the border to Slovenia, Trieste has always been the meeting point of trade and culture. The likes of James Joyce, Italo Svevo and Umberto Saba were all frequent visitors to this beautiful city. The historic city flourished as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire during the period of 1867–1918, making it one of Central Europe’s most prosperous Mediterranean seaports, as well as its capital of literature and music.
With its close proximity to Slovenia the region has developed its own dialect. The dominant local Venetian dialect of Trieste is called ‘Triestine’ and is spoken in the city centre, while Slovenian is spoken in several of the city’s suburbs. There is also a large German-speaking population in the region. Trieste itself has been divided into eleven zones (beginning with the most southerly) in order to make things easier for visitors to get oriented. The city centre is highly urbanised, while the south contains of small towns and villages such as Sgonico, Monrupino, Duino, Basovizza and San Pelagio, which are predominantly inhabited by the Slovenian-speaking minority.
Visitors to Trieste will foremost notice the numerous examples of Art Nouveau and Neoclassical architecture from its Austrian past. Visits to some of the small towns outside of Trieste are highly recommended, as they – together with the city centre – give a feeling of the ‘true’ Trieste. Its history cannot be forgotten, nor should it, as this is what makes up the Trieste of today.
Piazza Unità d´Italia
This is one of the largest and certainly most beautiful squares facing the sea in Europe, in the very heart of the city. Looking at the sea, on your right you will find Palazzo Modello, Casa Stratti and Palazzo del Governo. On your left, you will see Palazzo Pitteri and Palazzo del Lloyd Triestino. It is an absolute must to stop and sit in one of the old cafés lining the square.
The Roman Theatre was built between the first and second century AD, on behalf of Quinto Petronio Modesto from Trieste and it can hold about 6,000 spectators. The statues that adorned the theatre are now preserved in the Town Museum.
Caffè Stella Polare
Caffè Stella Polare is located in the city centre. It is a great meeting point to start the night with the "aperitivo" and continue on into the night.
Good to know
You can easily walk around the city. However, the public transport system and the bus network is extensive, so you can easily travel around by bus.
Other means of transportation include tram and ferry. The ferry takes you to Muggia.
Urban Bus Lines:
230 V, 50 Hz